D. Salinger’s The fresh new Catcher on the Rye, once the term ways, is a manuscript constructed on literary the thing is that and you can allusions; thus, their hero, Holden Caulfield, could have been than the many almost every other https://besthookupwebsites.org/colarspace-review/ emails, away from one another American and you will industry literature.1 This new closest away from Holden’s blood brothers, as the also a cursory questionnaire of the problem out-of Salinger’s unique will reveal, are recognized as Huckleberry Finn.dos And you may certainly you can find well known likenesses anywhere between Huck and you will Holden: both are stressed adolescents on the run–emotionally, linguistically, and you may geographically–off an adult world which they pick pretentious, hypocritical, shallow, vicious, and you will harmful. step 3 Surprisingly, even when, these types of anxiousness and you may obsessions are only the of these displayed by the William Faulkner’s Quentin Compson, among the protagonists of the Voice and Anger. The answer to the neurotic choices out of both emails would be based in the Freudian idea away from anality, such since the one to concept might have been increased and reinterpreted by for example afterwards psychologists because Norman O. Brown and you may Ernest Becker. One another Holden and Quentin display character traits which might be associated with the anyone whose invention has been arrested within anal stage.
The outside parallels among them letters are often oriented, and you can striking. They are both practical, sensitive, introspective, well-informed teenage boys: Holden is actually good seventeen-year-old creating university beginner who checks out “much” (18) and you will whose ideal topic are English (110); Quentin is an eighteen-year-dated freshman during the Harvard who knows Latin and you may rates St. Francis. 4 Additionally, one another Holden and Quentin investment their sexual anxiety to its siblings, following a safety, “your government” thoughts and seeking to help you bar the brand new sisters’ entry on the carnal training. Finally, the confused and you can interrupted rational claims lead one another Holden and you will Quentin so you’re able to contemplate committing suicide.5 Quentin, naturally, instead of Holden, in reality comes after using into their demise need to, buying a set of apartment-irons to possess looks loads right after which hurling themselves from a connection with the Charles River.
Given that suggested earlier, the latest unifying emotional basis fundamental each other Holden and you may Quentin’s stress and anxiety of sexuality, female, and you may death is usually to be based in the Freudian theory out-of anality. According to Freud, the explanation of all adult neurosis is usually to be found in the newest suppressed sexual wants from childhood. Freud posited three amount away from infantile intimate invention: new oral (birth to help you one-year), between your situations out of drawing and biting; the fresh new rectal (one to three-years), centering on the fresh children’s love for the newest asshole and you may feces; and the phallic (two-and-a-half so you can half a dozen years), targeting the brand new children’s breakthrough of one’s pussy. In the event the child’s passing by way of each one of these levels isn’t negotiated properly and joyfully, new suppressed pushes tend to resurface in adulthood in the way of some neuroses. Considering Freud, the newest adult personality traits that will be in the denial and you will repression when you look at the anal phase is orderliness (also neatness), obstinacy, and you may parsimony (or possessiveness).6
Having Freud, anal interest and you will play, such as the child’s measures in the almost every other levels out of infantile creativity, are primarily assertions of your satisfaction idea across the reality and you can morality standards–what can be viewed when you look at the retrospect due to the fact futile initiatives away from the kid in order to embrace so you can an Edenic world of innocent versatility and enjoy in the face of following exile towards adult arena of works and you may duty. But afterwards psychologists eg Norman O. Brown and you can Ernest Becker enjoys aided us to keep in mind that new issue is somewhat more challenging than also Freud had recognized. In the informative and you can influential guide, Life Up against Demise, Brownish argues you to definitely what exactly is most becoming stamped into awareness of each and every people in anal stage is absolutely nothing reduced than just “new argument anywhere between all of our creature body, rightly epitomized on anal form, and you can our pretentious sublimations, a great deal more especially new pretensions off sublimated otherwise intimate-Platonic love” (186). Simply put, this new anal reputation is short for this new children’s very first find that have death and you will decay. Due to the fact Becker notes, echoing Brown, “That have rectal have fun with the kid is to get good philosopher off the human position. But as with any philosophers he could be nevertheless bound by they, along with his main task in daily life becomes the brand new denial out of just what this new asshole means: you to in fact, he’s just looks where character is worried. Nature’s thinking try physical philosophy, peoples opinions is actually intellectual beliefs, and though they use the loftiest flights he could be built on excrement, hopeless without it, constantly cut back to help you they” (31). The newest disagreement knowledgeable from the boy on rectal phase, therefore, is that of one’s system as opposed to your brain or heart, the actual in the place of a suitable.